AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Best Model

AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Model, AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Model PDF ,AP Class X Physics Notes New CCE Model, AP Class X Physics Notes – Here is your Class 10 Physics CCE model as per academic Text book 2014 and updated on 2021

AP State Academic Syllabus 10th Class Physics Study Material

Unit 1 Heat

Unit 3 Refraction of Light at Plane Surfaces

Unit 4 Refraction of Light at Curved Surfaces

Unit 5 Human Eye and Colourful World

Unit 9 Electric Current

Unit 10 Electromagnetism

AP State Academic Syllabus 10th Class Chemistry Study Material

Unit 2 Acids, Bases and Salts

Unit 6 Structure of Atom

Unit 7 Classification of Elements- The Periodic Table

Unit 8 Chemical Bonding

Unit 11 Principles of Metallurgy

Unit 12 Carbon and its Compounds

AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Best Model

An object reflects light that falls on it. This reflected light when received by our eyes,
enables us to see things.
Reflection of light
Reflection of light is the phenomenon of bouncing back of light in the same medium
on striking the surface of any object.
There are two types of reflection:
1. Regular reflection or Specular Reflection
2. Irregular reflection or Diffuse Reflection
Regular Reflection: When the reflecting surface is smooth and well polished, the
parallel rays falling on it are reflected parallel to one another, the reflected light goes
in one particular direction. This is Regular reflection or Specular reflection see below
Irregular reflection: When the reflecting surface is rough, the parallel rays falling on
it reflected in different direction, as shown in below fig. Such a reflection is known as
diffuse reflection or irregular reflection

AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Best Model

The human eye is one of the most valuable and sensitive sense organs. It enables us to
see the wonderful world and the colours around us
The main parts of the human eye include:
Cornea: transparent tissue covering the front of the eye that lets light travel through
Iris: a ring of muscles in the colored part of the eye that controls the size of the pupil
Pupil: an opening in the center of the iris that changes size to control how much light
is entering the eye.
Sclera: the white part of the eye that is composed of fibrous tissue that protects the
inner workings of the eye
Lens: located directly behind the pupil, it focuses light rays onto the retina
Retina: membrane at the back of the eye that changes light into nerve signals
Optic Nerve: a bundle of nerve fibers that carries messages from the eyes to the brain
Macula: a small and highly sensitive part of the retina responsible for central vision,
which allows a person to see shapes, colors, and details clearly and sharply.
Choroid: The choroid is a layer of blood vessels between the retina and sclera; it
supplies blood to the retina.
Ciliary muscle: it changes the shape of the lens – (this is called accommodation). It
relaxes to flatten the lens for distance vision; for close work it contracts rounding out
the lens.
Aqueous homour: A water like fluid, produced by the ciliary body, it fills the front
of the eye between the lens and cornea and provides the cornea and lens with oxygen
and nutrients. It drains back into the blood stream through the canals of schlemm.
Vitreous homour: The space between the lens and retina filled with the gel like
Vitreous Humor.

AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Best Model

Electricity is a general term that encompasses a variety of phenomena resulting from
the presence and flow of electric charge. These include many easily recognizable
phenomena such as lightning and static electricity, but in addition, less familiar
concepts such as the electromagnetic field and electromagnetic induction.
Electric charge
Electric charge is a fundamental conserved property of some subatomic particles,
which determines their electromagnetic interaction. Electrically charged matter is
influenced by, and produces, electromagnetic fields. The interaction between a
moving charge and an electromagnetic field is the source of the electromagnetic force,
which is one of the four fundamental forces. Electric charge is conserved, additive
and quantised. The S.I. unit of electric charge is ‘C’ coulomb.
Any other charged body will have a charge Q
Q = ne
where n is the number of electrons and e is the charge on electron = 1.6 x 10–19
Electric current
Electric current is a flow of electrons in a conductor such as a metal wire. Electric
current is expressed by the amount of charge flowing through a particular area in unit
time. In other words, it is the rate of flow of electric charges. In circuits using metallic
wires, electrons constitute the flow of charges. However, electrons were not known at
the time when the phenomenon of electricity was first observed. So, electric current
was considered to be the flow of positive charges and the direction of flow of positive
charges was taken to be the direction of electric current. Conventionally, in an electric
circuit the direction of electric current is taken as opposite to the direction of the flow
of electrons, which are negative charges.
The magnitude of electric current in a conductor is the amount of electric charge
passing through a given point of conductor in 1 second.

AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Best Model


AP Class 10 Physics Notes New CCE Model