6th Class Social – Indian Culture, Languages and Religions

→ India has the greatest and unique heritage and culture. India is a combination of several customs and traditions.

→ Culture is a continuous process that we inherit from past generations to create future generations. It is a precious possession and a unique asset.

→ Culture is a way .of life of the people living in a society. The essential core of culture lies in the traditional ideas transmitted within a group.

→ Unity in diversity is one major feature of Indian culture which makes it unique. Indian culture is composite and dynamic.

→ The culture of India is very ancient. It began about 5,000 years ago. Indians made significant advances in yoga, architecture, mathematics, astronomy, and medicine.

→ Language is a medium of communication. Man is the only living being on the earth who uses language. There is a close relationship between languages and culture.

6th Social Indian Culture, Languages and Religions

→ Earlier people wrote on clothes, leaves, barks, etc. in the olden days. They used pens to write on the dried leaves. Initially, they drew pictures and symbols. Gradually the script developed.

→ Religion is a spiritual belief. It teaches a set of practices to live an enriched life.

→ The Vedas were carried from one generation to another through oral teaching.

→ The Indian sub-continent is the birthplace of a number of famous religions; namely Hinduism, Buddhism, Jainism, Sikhism, etc.

→ Hinduism is the world’s oldest religion. It is a way of life and also called ‘Sanatana dharma. It is based on the principles of universal truth. Ganesh Chaturthi, Dusserah, Diwali, etc., are some festivals celebrated by the Hindus. Tirumala in the Chittoor district located in Seshachalam hills is one of the prominent temples of the Hindus.

→ Mahavira was the famous Tirthankara in Jainism. Jain’s holy books are Triratnas. Gomateshwara Temple situated at Shravanabelagola in Karnataka is a historical Jain temple. Gomateshwara’s stature height is 57 feet. It is known as Bahubali. Bahubali was the first Tirthankara.

6th Class Social – Indian Culture, Languages and Religions

→ Gautama Buddha was the founder of Buddhism. The Great Stupa at Sanchi is one of the most important Buddhist monuments. It was built in the third century BCE by the emperor Ashoka. It is counted among the best conserved ancient Stupas of central India.

→ Christianity is the most widely practiced religion in the world. The Bible is the holy book in the world. The Roman Catholic Church is the famous church in the world. The Pope is the head of the Roman Catholic Church. Vatican City is the smallest country in the world.

→ Mohammad is considered a prophet or messenger of Allah. The Kaaba is a building at the center of the Great Mosque of Mecca (Saudi Arabia). Mecca is the holiest city for Muslims. Muslim devotees attempt a hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca at least once in their lifetime if they can afford to do so.

→ Guru Nan$k was the founder of Sikhism. The Golden Temple located in the city of Amritsar, Punjab is known as the holiest Gurudwara and the most important pilgrimage site of Sikhs.

6th Class Social – Indian Culture, Languages and Religions

→ India is a land of diversities. Diversity is visible in the spheres of religion, language, creed, culture, lifestyle, dressing sense, faith in God, rituals of worship, eating different kinds of food, etc. Many kings of emperors like Chandragupta, Ashoka, Gauthamiputra Satakarni, Samudragupta, Akbar, etc. tried to unify the country politically.

→ Indians respect the great saints and philosophers who were born in all parts of the country like Mahavira, Buddha, Nanak, Kabir, Nizamuddin Auliya, Shaik Salim Chisti, Rabindranath Tagore, Dr. Radha Krishnan, etc.

→ People celebrate their festivals like Holi, Diwali, Eid, Christmas, Good Friday, Mahavir Jayanti, Buddha Jayanti, etc. very peacefully without disturbing other religious people.

→ The concept which is implying unity among people with diverse cultures and religions is known as “Unity in Diversity”.

→ Religion: the belief in God.

→ Worshipping: showing devotion to God.

→ Subcontinent: the southern peninsula of Asia, situated on the Indian Plate.

→ Language: a medium in which a person communicates his thoughts to others.

→ Script: the symbolic representation of the language.

→ Tirthankara: a spiritual teacher of the Dharma in Jainism.

→ Non-violence: the practice of being harmless.

6th Class Social – Indian Culture, Languages and Religions

→ Triratna’s: the Dharma, the Sangha, the Buddha ¡n Buddhism.

→ Enlightenment: the highest spiritual state.

→ Bodhi Vriksha: peepal tree.

→ Tripitikas: the sacred books of Buddhism.

→ Nirvana: a place of perfect peace and happiness, like heaven.

→ Eightfold Path: Buddhist practices leading to the liberation of row samsara.

→ Upanishads: a series of Hindu sacred written works.

→ Prophet: One who preaches God’s message.

→ Islam: “Submission to God”.

→ Muslim: one who surrenders to God”.

→ Scripts: Writings.

6th Class Social – Indian Culture, Languages and Religions

6th Class Social - Indian Culture, Languages and Religions



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