6th Class Social – Towards Equality

→ We can observe the differences among the people around us are called diversity.

→ All their diversities are influenced both by the geography and history of the place where we live

→ India is a country of many diversities.

→ We speak different languages, have various types of food,-celebrate different festivals, and practice different religions.

→ Ar People began to live in their new places, causes intermixing of cultures, regions become diverse.

→ People feel safe and secure with people who look, talk, dress, and think like them.

→ Prejudice means to judge other people negatively or see them as inferior.

6th Class Social – Towards Equality

→ We can be prejudices about people’s religious beliefs, the color of their skin, the region they come from, the clothes they wear, etc.

→ In general, our prejudices about others are so strong that we don’t want to form friendships with them and we may in ways that hurt them.

→ People of other religions may be discriminated against by treating them as inferior or by criticizing their customs or practices.

→ Their customs are practices.

→ There are eight religions in the world and all of them are practiced in India.

→ Activities like cleaning, washing, cutting hair picking garbage, etc. are seen less value, and people who do this work are seen as dirty or impure.

→ This belief is an important aspect of the caste system.

→ Those who placed themselves at the top called themselves upper caste and considered. themselves as superior.

→ Those who were places at the bottom were seen as unworthy and called ’untouchables’.

6th Class Social – Towards Equality

→ The upper caste acted in ways that did hot give the so, called untouchables’ the same right as they enjoyed which is called caste discrimination,

→ Dalit means those who have been ‘broken’ which is used to show how social prejudices and discrimination have broken the Dalit people.

→ The government refers to this group of people as Scheduled Castes (S.C.)

→ The people who fought for the rights of oppressed caste are likewise ’Jyothibai Phule, Potti Sree Ramulu. Vennelakanti Raghaviah, Gora Saraswathi, etc.

→ All human beings are born free and casual and both men and women have equal social, political, and economical rights.

→ Savitribai Phule is regarded as the first female teacher in India.

→ She played an important role in fighting for the rights of women in India during British rule.

→ Savitribai Phule is regarded as the ’Mother of Indian Feminism’.

→ Racial discrimination is discrimination against individuals on the basis of their skin color or racial or ethnic origin.

6th Class Social – Towards Equality

→ Inequality threatens long-term social and economic development. It also causes social unrest.

→ In the early 19th century, debates and discussions took place reached out to the public and they caused part of the social change.

→ The prominent reformers of India are Raja Ram Mohan Roy, Iswara Chandra Vidyasagar, Swamy Dayananda Saraswathi, Kandukuri Veeresalingam Pantulu, and Pandita Ramabai.

→ In the second half of the 19th century, many movements began against caste discrimination and demanded social equality and justice.

→ The reformers who fought against caste discrimination in this period are Sri Narayana Guru, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, C.V. Ramaswamy Naiker, Jyothiba Phule, and Savitribai Phule.

→ People who fought against British rule also fought against discrimination to unite people.

→ The practice of Safi was banned in 1829.

→ Dr. Anandibai Joshi was the first Indian female doctor. She acquired a Doctor of Medicine in 1886.

6th Class Social – Towards Equality

→ Dr. Nelson Mandela, after 27 years in prison, achieved independence for South Africa.

→ He led the fight for human rights around the world.

→ He is known as the Gandhi of South Africa.

→ Importance has been given to achieve equality in the Indian Constitution.

→ Untouchability was abolished by Law. All the people got equal importance.

→ The government tries to achieve equality both through the law and through the welfare- programs.

→ Dr. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the 11th President of India. Impact of so many problems in his life he reached his goal.

→ Mariyappan Thangavelu is an Indian Paralympic high jumper.

→ Sipdhutai showed that for a committed individual nothing is impossible.

6th Class Social – Towards Equality

→ In spite of poverty, child marriage, gender discrimination, and being abandoned by her family, yet nothing stopped Sindhutai to achieve her goals.

→ Gender Equality: both men and women should receive equal treatment.

→ Untouchability: It is a practice where some lower caste people are kept at a distance.

→ Apartheid: discrimination on grounds of race.

→ Sustainable development: is the development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

→ Discrimination: the unjust or prejudiciál treatment of different categories of people, especially on the grounds of race age, sex, or other characteristics.

→ Orthodox: traditional

→ Wrestle: engage in deep thought, consideration, or debate.

6th Class Social – Towards Equality

6th Class Social - Towards Equality



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